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Georgian Silver Coffee Pot

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Georgian Silver

Rare Silver coffee pot discovered on the Roadshow tour of Canada

 

John George Lambton “Radical Jack” 1st Earl of Durham

(Born in London - 12 April 1792 - Died, 28 July 1840)

 

Silver coffee pot:

Silver coffee pot:
Presented by the 1st earl of Durham to

Marion grant 2nd September 1862

This George III coffee pot circa 1800 was  possibly made by Edward Feline in London

 

 

 

 John George Lambton was known as a tactless yet energetic English Whig statesman and colonial administrator, who became Governor General and High Commissioner of British North America. Best known for his report on Canada which eventually laid the basis for the country's Dominion status.

 As Lord Privy Seal in the administration of Lord Grey, he helped draft the reform bill of 1832 which gave Canada its democracy.

After attending Eton College, he joined the Dragoons in 1809 but resigned in 1811.

From 1813 to 1828 he was a member of Parliament then in 1830 was made a privy councilor, created a Baron and appointed Lord Privy Seal. He also entered the House of Lords

 

 

 


John George Lambton

“Radical Jack,”
1st Earl of Durham

 

 

 

 In the same year he was made ambassador extraordinary in succession to St. Petersburg, Vienna, and Berlin and he was rewarded for his service by being created viscount the following year.

For the next 2 years Lord Durham led the advanced Whigs but in 1835 went once again to St. Petersburg as ambassador to Russia.

 In 1837 Durham returned to Britain and in the next year was appointed high commissioner to Upper and Lower Canada and Governor General of the British Provinces in North America. Uprisings in both Upper and Lower Canada in 1837-1838 had paved the way in telling the British government that the Canadians were demanding responsible government and that the situation would not be ignored.

 Durham spent 6 months in Canada He overstepped the mark by shipping political prisoners to Bermuda. Exceeding his orders it was to cause his down fall. Upon his return to Britain, Lord Durham published his famous Report on the Affairs of British North America. In it he enunciated the principle that the executive branch in Canada would have to make its peace with local interests by instituting a system of responsible government, revising the land ownership laws, fostering immigration, and providing a system of municipal government. He also urged that Upper and Lower Canada be united so as to outnumber the French Canadians.

Durham died shortly after his report was completed, in Cowes, Isle of Wight, on July 28, 1840.

 

 

 

 

 

About Silverware:

 

In the early Georgian period, around about 1720, silver was just beginning to change in style, right at the end of the period known as the 'High Standard,' which had begun in 1696.

 

Between these two periods, silver was made of an alloy higher in quality than Sterling (then spelled Stirling) in order to discourage the practice of melting down coins for objects of domestic use.

As it was softer than Sterling, objects had to be simpler, so that the baluster form - as we find it in Queen Anne candlesticks is very severe and is quite unornamented.

 

 

 

 

Silver candlestick

 

 

 

                                                                                        Silverware for Tea, Coffee & Chocolate

 

 


 

 

 

 



After the return to the standard of Sterling, more ornamental forms could be made. At this time there was felt in general a tendency towards things French and in silver specifically there was the influence of the presence of the French Huguenot silversmiths who had come in great numbers to England to work.

 

Tea, coffee and chocolate were all introduced into Europe in the early Seventeenth Century and the taste for these caffeine-laden drinks was widely popularized by 1700.

It in turn, necessitated the invention of new preparation vessels for their brewing, serving and drinking. So the setting of the English tea table with kettles, teapots, tea caddies, sugar bowls, creamers, strainers, and other elaborate accouterments, came into being.

 

 

 

 


 

 

 



 


Silver for Boudoir and Salon

Silver adorned well-to-do London homes in the late Seventeenth and early Eighteenth Centuries and was used for an increasing array of household articles including candle holders, toilet services, boxes, bottles, jars, trays, ewers, basins and baskets, among others.

 

 

 

 

Silver sauce boat.

Silver sauce boat.

 

 

 


Silver for the Dining Table

 New foods and cuisine introduced during the early Eighteenth Century inspired the creation of many types of plates and vessels for English banqueting halls. Particularly elabourate sauce boats and pourers.

 

Erratums and Contributor Credits

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We have referred to and collated from many sources. This Information we regarded and measured as, ' reliable and quality information' most of which is available on the internet, in order to accurately compile this page for purely educational and informative purposes and have striven to maintain its accuracy.

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Further reading:


Biography of Durham

Leonard Cooper, Radical Jack:

The Life of John George Lambton, First Earl of Durham (1959).

Stuart J. Reid, Life and Letters of the First Earl of Durham, 1792-1840 (2 vols., 1906)

Chester W. New,

Lord Durham: A Biography of John George Lambton, First Earl of Durham (1929).

For the place of the Durham report in the development of the British Empire see:

E. L. Woodward, The Age of Reform, 1815-1870 (1938; 2d ed. 1962), and C. E. Carrington. The British Overseas (1950; 2d ed. 1968).

 

                                              Photographs: Jackie Freeman Photography Devon England.

 

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Keys: Rare Georgian and Sterling Silver at the Artiques Roadshow
John George Lambton, Whig. Radical Jack.
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